|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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|Armstrong II 122
Causal relation/Hume/tradition/Armstrong: in general, one assumes that the separateness is secured through that A and B are separated by any description, if it was not be self-contradictory, if A exists and B not.
Place itself has rejected that 40 years ago, namely the view that two logically different descriptions can not refer to one and the same thing. - order: distinctiveness of descriptions/of objects - solution: we have to assume three entities here - hardness and inelasticity ((s) because its relative to partners).
Danto I 307
Causality/cause/effect/Hume/Danto: there are in addition to eventual causal links still logical links - because the various ideas are not randomly together in the mind.
Hume I 15
Causality/Hume: is affect! - Impression of self-awareness - Effect of Similarity - The notion of causality is one with the notion of things.
Causality/Hume: not from probability (this may have to be determined at each stage of the habit) - but from gradual observation.
Its true content cannot be constituted in experience because it itself constitutes the experience
ideas need to have a different context than mere individual events - otherwise no inference from effect to cause - solution: habit as a principle - habit: requires experience.
Causality/Hume: the only relation, from which one can conclude. - Experience: thereby purely selective - constitutive. the habit - Conclusion: changes the level.
Causality literally stands for the property._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
AR II = Disp
D. M. Armstrong
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999
Arthur C. Danto
Nietzsche als Philosoph München 1998
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005