|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
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Causality / causal mechanism / Fraassen: the talk of it can be understood as talk about the internal structure of the models.
Causality / modern / Fraassen: - modern philosophy: not e.g. salt and moisture caused rust, but events - not between things. - E.g. that the salt fell on the knife.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980