Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Introspection: introspection is the investigation of a self-conscious subject of its own inner states. Prerequisites are, among other things, the ability to distinguish interior from external influences, as well as at least to some extent the use of a public language. Moreover, the subject must be able to compare past internal and external states with present internal and external states, and must be able to deliberately distinguish itself from other subjects.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Rorty I 242/43
Sellars: theory of immediate knowledge: introspection is an acquired skill, but it can then turn out that the subjects exactly recognize in themsselves what the experimenter wants.
That we can teach others to recognize thoughts, nostalgia, blood pressure or alpha rhythms in themselves, is simply a function of the use of compounds within the organism as scientific instruments. Training does not guarantee that nothing treacherous is underway.
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Rorty I 269
Sellars: myth of the given: at the introspection there is no presence of non-physical entities in front of a non-physical observer. However, this also averts the loss of "scientific objectivity".


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Sell I
W. Sellars
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999

Ro I
R. Rorty
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997

Ro II
R. Rorty
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000

Ro III
R. Rorty
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992

Ro IV
R. Rorty
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993

Ro V
R. Rorty
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998

Ro VI
R. Rorty
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22