|Intelligence: intelligence is generally, the ability of solving problems mentally. A large number of components are involved, which makes a strict definition of intelligence impossible. Typical problems are pattern recognition, continuation of sequences, paraphrasing of language utterances. See also computation, artificial intelligence, strong artificial intelligence, thinking, knowledge, understanding, memory, psychology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Intelligence/McGinn: the newer doctrine emphasizes three characteristics: plant, moldability, adaptation.
We do not learn to own arms, legs and kidneys. ((s) but we learn to develop our muscles).
Intelligence is always at or for something. The ability to achieve the organism goals.
Human/Evolution/mind/McGinn: it is a remarkable coincidence that we are the only species on earth that is able to drive science and philosophy. There could easily be a different species with a certain level of scientific talent, about the level of a ten year-old. Or a species that is superior in biology but inferior in physics etc.
The kind of intelligence that we have, is absolutely not necessary for living beings to survive._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Problems in Philosophy. The Limits of Inquiry, Cambridge/MA 1993
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
The Mysteriouy Flame. Conscious Minds in a Material World, New York 1999
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001