|Content: content is that part of a statement, what can be represented by another statement, which differs in a respect from the original statement, e.g. it uses other expressions with the same reference. That, in which the second statement deviates belongs then to the vocabulary, to the syntax or grammar, the matching can be called content.|
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Schiffer/Early: ultimately we need a theory of content. - Block: reductionism helps nothing, if it has nothing to say about what has been reduced. - E.g. "worms without noses": does this have a language-independent content?
Mental content/Schiffer: there is no plausible theory of mental content - therefore Vs propositions as objects of belief. (VsRrelation Theory).
SchifferVsDummett: if we subtract all the conditions for evidence that cannot be formulated in terms of observation or depend on indirect knowledge, then the identity conditions for the terms will no longer be the same - therefore the direct verification conditions will not grasp the content.
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987