|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.|
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Definition information/Pinker: a relationship between two things that are caused by a lawful procedure - E.g. embodied info: age rings of a tree - but they were not even produced by the growth.
Information is nothing special - it can be found everywhere where a cause has an effect - Searle would say, it cannot be found, only we can find it, because we must first fill it with meaning - Pinker ditto - symbol: transmits info and makes something happen.
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998