|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Definition information/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: nothing but an event that causes a combination of differences.
Definition information/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: event, that selects system states. Information reserves its meaning in the repetition , but loses the information value - the event disappears.
AU Kass 6
Information/Luhmann: there is no -"genetical" information- - because the genes only contain structures, not events. Information/Luhmann: is selection of alternatives - presupposes that one defines a possibility range against others - information is only within systems - also the possibilities only exist in the system - not in the environment - Time/information: time plays a role because the information disappears whith acquaintance. - Information is not transmitted. - ((S) because it is an event.)
AU Kass 13
Definition information/Maturana/Luhmann: Vs genetic information: Information is always a moment of communication, only within a system. - It works as an information when it comes to finding the next operation - ((s) not circular: - "A works as A, when ...-" - Information: is not -"data" - that would be "transmission theory" - two aspects: 1 from which is selected - 2. this and nothing else is selected - only within a system possible - the system determines what information is - E.g. socialist planned economy: only performance - capitalist: unemployment numbers no information - no information without communication - but communication may repeat itself, information does not - understanding: does not exist outside communication._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997