Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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V 94
Admissble information/Opportunity/Lewis: hypothetical assumptions about the experimental setup change nothing- that’s why they are allowed. - Inadmissible: Info about future history - e.g. info about future opportunities - can be smuggled in by truth functions. - Accepted: antecedent about history - consequent about chance at a certain time - non-truth-functional conditionals. - These conditionals say how the chance depends on the past - not how history proceeds.
Schwarz I 178
Twin Earth/thought experiment/Lewis/Schwarz: you cannot find out contingent information about the world by mental arithmetic - e.g. about the use of "34" and "1156", even though 34 is the square root of 1156. - (s) Otherwise circular).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Clarence Irving Lewis
Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis Stanford 1970

David K. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

David K. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

David K. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

David K. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Clarence Irving Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991

Schw I
W. Schwarz
David Lewis Bielefeld 2005

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-22