Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
V 94
Admissble information/Opportunity/Lewis: hypothetical assumptions about the experimental setup change nothing- that’s why they are allowed. - Inadmissible: Info about future history - e.g. info about future opportunities - can be smuggled in by truth functions. - Accepted: antecedent about history - consequent about chance at a certain time - non-truth-functional conditionals. - These conditionals say how the chance depends on the past - not how history proceeds.
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Schwarz I 178
Twin Earth/thought experiment/Lewis/Schwarz: you cannot find out contingent information about the world by mental arithmetic - e.g. about the use of "34" and "1156", even though 34 is the square root of 1156. - (s) Otherwise circular).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991

Schw I
W. Schwarz
David Lewis Bielefeld 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-18