|Inferences: when we move from premises to conclusions we carry out inferences. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 209
Evans / (s) conclusion without constants: from knowledge to truth - Despite having the same semantic structure there are different inferences with knowledge than with beliefs.
EMD II 200ff
Inferences / predicates / Evans / (s): Problem: inferences that are determined by predicates and verbs rather than by logical constants: problem: from "good king" not to infer "good and King" - from "knows that p" follows "p" but from "believes that p" it doesn’t - despite the same semantic structure - problem: rules do not apply to every predicate individually when we want a uniform meaning theory._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989