|Inferences: when we move from premises to conclusions we carry out inferences. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Inferential Structure/Brandom: Three Dimensions: 1) Determination and authorization to FL.
2) Differentiation of accompanying and communicative inheritance deontic status.
3) Inferential structure: in a broader sense: authority, responsibility, authorizationty.
Brandom: Keyword: Concluding - combines semantic content and pragmatic significance.
Inference/Brandom: premises and conclusions: are complete sentences ("free-standing") - Opposite: Conditional: antecedent and consequent: are subsentential expressions ("embedded").
Inference/Brandom: semantic significance of types - anaphora: semantic significance of Tokenings - Inference: reporting use sentences - anaphora: deictic use singular terms - conceptual structure is primarily inferential structure - the use of a demonstrative refers to an object and thus becomes a singular term - (other than "ouch") and can also play an anaphoric role.
Inference/Brandom: Priority of reference.
Non-inferential/Brandom: E.g. perception of circumstances.
Inference/Brandom: even non-inferential reports (perception reports) must be structured inferentially (Sellars and Hegel) - otherwise not distinguishable from RDRDs (reliable differential responsive dispositions) (machines) - Parrot: does not understand his own reactions - non-inferential concept: E.g. red - but: just like one acquires concepts through the mastery of other concepts, one needs inferential concepts to arrive at non-inferential ones.
Newen I 164
Inferential Roles/Brandom/Newen/Schrenk: a) voice exit rule: actions are considered to be adequate practical conclusions E.g. "The pot is boiling over" > urges the action of taking it from the stove - b) entry rule: involves perceptions of both the environment and of one's own body conditions. This leads to perception reports._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Making it exlicit. Reasoning, Representing, and Discursive Commitment, Cambridge/MA 1994
Expressive Vernunft Frankfurt 2000
Articulating reasons. An Introduction to Inferentialism, Cambridge/MA 2001
Begründen und Begreifen Frankfurt 2001
Analytische Philosophie zur Einführung Hamburg 2005
Einführung in die Sprachphilosophie Darmstadt 2008