Induction/Evidence/logic/Nozick: inductive logic is twofold relative. - 1. probability is relative to the evidence - 2. there must be a principle of total evidence, which is applied to the probability statements. - Some authors: Solution: an evidence is proof of what he says - NozickVs: plenty of evidence is not explanatory. - E.g. lightning/Thunder are not mutually explanatory. - E.g. a symptom makes others more probable, but they do not explain each other - maybe there are but very general statistical relations between statements - e.g. principles of the uniformity of nature._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994