Definition Induction/Goodman: requires that some classes are seen as relevant classes by excluding others.
The sharpest criticism VsHume/Goodman: his analysis relates at best to the origin of predictions, not to their entitlement.
Deduction/Goodman: is in accordance with accepted practice.
The problem of induction is not a problem of proof, but a problem of definition of the difference between justified and unjustified predictions.
Mutual adjustment between definition and language use.
Grue/Goodman: Problem: same data support contrasting predictions - question: in what essential property hypotheses must be the same > law: not in connection with e.g. an object in my pocket. - "Grue" does not work as conventional non-law-like hypotheses (limited in space or time) - one can reverse the derivation: red and green from gred and reen.
Law-like or resumable hypotheses are not to be characterized purely syntactically.
What confirms certain data, is not what is obtained by generalization of separate individual cases, but that which is obtained by generalization of the entire body of data material._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Catherine Z. Elgin
Reconceptions in Philosophy and Other Arts and Sciences, Indianapolis 1988
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989
Ways of Worldmaking, Indianapolis/Cambridge 1978
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Fact, Fiction and Forecast, New York 1982
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Languages of Art. An Approach to a Theory of Symbols, Indianapolis 1976
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997