Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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I 23
Definition induction/Goodman: requires that some classes are seen as relevant classes by excluding others.
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II 82
The sharpest criticism VsHume/Goodman: his analysis relates at best to the origin of predictions, not to their entitlement.
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II 86
Deduction/Goodman: accordance with accepted practice.
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II 88
The problem of induction is not a problem of prove, but a problem of definition of the difference between justified and unjustified predictions.
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II 89
Mutual adjustment between definition and language use.
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II 101f
Grue/Goodman: Problem: same data support contrasting predictions - question: in what essential property hypotheses must be the same> law: not in connection with e.g. an object in my pocket. - "Grue" does not work as conventional non-law-like hypotheses (limited in space or time) - one can reverse the derivation: red and green from gred and reen.
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II 109
Law-like or resumable hypotheses are not to characterize purely syntactically.
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II 95
What confirm certain data, is not what is obtained by generalization of separate individual cases, but that which is obtained by generalization of the entire body of data material.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

G I
N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

G II
N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

G III
N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

G IV
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989


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> Counter arguments against Goodman
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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22