|Index words: index words are words like “here”, “there”, “now”, “me”, etc. which require a closer determination, so that a sentence which includes them can be determined whether it is true or false. A sentence with index words is therefore context-dependent. Index words are not demonstratives. See also deixis, anaphora, context dependency, indexicality._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Index words/Schiffer: = contextual singular term - Schiffer: yet no compositional semantics is needed - solution: reference predicate - ref (x, y, z) - (eliminated Index: - "his statement refers to x"). - the conceptual role is then complex - then weak compositionality is acceptable: in the conceptual role of "says"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987