|Implicature, philosophy of language: Implicature is an expression by H. P. Grice on prerequisites within a communication, which are accepted tacitly by the participants and which can be noticed in the formulation of a single sentence, e.g. through an ironic formulation. (See Paul Grice, Studies in the Way of Words, Harvard 1989, pp. 22-40.)|
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|Graeser I 120
Implication/Grice: follows from what is said - implicature: does not follow from what was said - at least one conversational rule is violated.
Grice I 245
Conversational implicature/Grice: I 248: the contribution should be informative, appropriate, true, justified, unambiguous and clearly structured - it must be possible to replace the CI by an argument, otherwise it would be a conventional I.
1. if it is suspected, one must assume cooperation - 2) CI is preserved at reformulation - 3) CI presumes knowledge of the conventional role of the expression - therefore, CI not part of the original specification of the conventional role - 4) truth of what is said not necessarily truth of the CI - bearer of the CI is therefore the act of saying, not what is said - 5) to get behind CI means to get behind what is necessary for adoption of maintenance of the cooperation principle.
Conversational implicature/Grice: if it is not deleted, "if, then" is purely truth-functional - the assumption of non-truth-functional reasons is not transmitted here by the meaning, but by the implicature - e.g. if the government falls, there will be turmoil - Cohen: here nothing stronger/Weaker.
H. Paul Grice
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Hg. Georg Meggle Frankfurt/M. 1993
Positionen der Gegenwartsphilosophie. München 2002