Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Identification: A) Identification is the equivalence of two characterizations of an object in which new properties may be attributed to the object. B) Identification is the discovery that an object is a particular element from a set of objects. In this case, the number of initially assumed properties of the object may be reduced. See also specification, background, information.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Books on Amazon:
John R. Searle

II 315f
Identification/Individuation/Searle: of a perceived object: always "the (possibly reversed) spot, which causes this experience" - (self-reference) - not circular, best-case identification.
V 141
Reference/Identification/Searle: E.g. a dog only barks in the presence of his master, - E.g. signal lamp: both does not refer to anything, but can be used for identification - no identification: "the only man with 8232 hairs on his head".
V 143
Reference is always based on the facts the speaker knows about the obejects.
V 175
Meaning/Identification/Frege: proper name means object, predicate means term. - Strawson: neutral: subject identifies single term - predicate in the general term - Strawson: between single term and general term is a non-relational connection.
V V 177f
Identification/object/predicate/universal/Strawson: object: by fact about the object - predicate: not so: at the most: "the rose and the book have the same color": but that does not identify the color - Searle: that is why universals are identified by meaning and not by facts.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-22