Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Identification: A) Identification is the equivalence of two characterizations of an object in which new properties may be attributed to the object. B) Identification is the discovery that an object is a particular element from a set of objects. In this case, the number of initially assumed properties of the object may be reduced. See also specification, background, information.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
II 315f
Identification/Individuation/Searle: of a perceived object: always "the (possibly reversed) spot, which causes this experience" - (self-reference) - not circular, best-case identification.
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V 141
Reference/Identification/Searle: E.g. a dog only barks in the presence of his master, - E.g. signal lamp: both does not refer to anything, but can be used for identification - no identification: "the only man with 8232 hairs on his head".
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V 143
Reference is always based on the facts the speaker knows about the obejects.
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V 175
Meaning/Identification/Frege: proper name means object, predicate means term. - Strawson: neutral: subject identifies single term - predicate in the general term - Strawson: between single term and general term is a non-relational connection.
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V V 177f
Identification/object/predicate/universal/Strawson: object: by fact about the object - predicate: not so: at the most: "the rose and the book have the same color": but that does not identify the color - Searle: that is why universals are identified by meaning and not by facts.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-22