Dictionary of Arguments

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Ideas: ideas are representations of objects, circumstances or properties of objects as opposed to their manifestations in the external world. At times the concept of the idea is connected with the claim of perfection. See also idealism, idealization, thing in itself, Platonism.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
Euchner I 19
Ideas/Locke: The sensations and their processing cause in our mind "simple ideas" (simple ideas), for example: from heat, light, hard, soft, certain colors and flavors (these are unmistakable) - the "first objects of our understanding" - things/objects/Locke: are not captured by a single, but only with a bundle of many "simple ideas": "complex ideas"- they correspond with objects.
I 27
Idea/Locke: each object of the mind (understanding) - concept, idea, may also be an illusion-, any content of consciousness.
I 33
Ideas/Locke: Modes: Ideas that represent the states or properties of other ideas or constructs of ideas - simple ideas: caused by a sense: E.g. colors, light, sounds.
I 38
itself neither true nor false, but instruments.
I 42
LockeVsAristoteles: Reason can trace without clattering syllogisms the "natural order of connecting ideas".
I 35
complex ideas/Locke: here the spirit is active (in the simple passive).
I 36
E.g. lie - E.g. substance (!).
I 35
simple idea/Locke. E.g. room - modes: distance, infinity, figure - simple idea: E.g. pain, joy - modes: hope, love, fear, envy.
- - -
Holz I 45/46
Ideen/Wahrnehmung/Locke: es gibt "Ideen", die durch mehr als einen Sinn vermittelt werden: z.B. die Ideen Ausdehnung, Gestalt, Bewegung usw.
Ideen/Wahrnehmung/LeibnizVsLocke: diese "Ideen" (Ausdehnung, Dauer, Gestalt usw.) stammen aus dem Geist, nicht aus der Wahrnehmung.
Sie sind die "Ideen des reinen Verstandes". Sie haben aber einen Bezug zur Außenwelt und sind so der Definition und des Beweises fähig.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

J. Locke
An Essay Concerning Human Understanding

Loc I
W. Euchner
Locke zur Einführung Hamburg 1996

Holz II
Hans Heinz Holz
Descartes Frankfurt/M. 1994

Lei I
H. H. Holz
Leibniz Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-10-20
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