|Holism: Holism is the assumption that the elements or the subject domain of a theory are accessible only with simultaneous availability of all elements or objects of this domain. It is also assumed that a change to an element does not exclude changes to all other elements at least. The statement "everything is connected with everything" is however a wrong characterization of the holism, since it is logically erroneous. _____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Holism/Science/Quine/Fodor/Lepore: if the network metaphor is correct, then there is nothing transtheoretical- Vs: but this is needed for the public nature of the observation.
Conceptual holism/Fodor/Lepore: Assumptions about the necessary relationships between concepts have no psychological consequences. - E.g. Cat/Animal requires nothing for the actual use or for learning. - (Vsconceptual holism)
Holism/Fodor/Lepore: functional analysis of the belief can make it holistic - but that does not imply conceptual holism, because belief is not a basic concept, but a representation - Thesis: belief holism is secured - conceptual holism is not!.
Holism/Fodor/Lepore: intentionality: does not lead to holism (propositional attitudes are not holistic qua intentionality, their semantic properties depend on things which only God knows). - Functionalism: leads to holism - Fodor/LeporeVs: no, because there is no analytic-synthetic distinction.
Inferential role/Fodor/Lepore: originally, its attractiveness as a causal role consisted in providing a basis for the solution of Brentano s problem of irreducibility to Neurophysiology. (>Computation).
Fodor/Lepore: either one represents the semantics of conceptual role or one is a holist._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
J. Fodor/E. Lepore
Holism Cambridge USA Oxford UK 1992