|Actions, philosophy: Actions are conscious or unconscious human actions as opposed to physical events. The action can take place against the will of the agent, but only if the opposed will is not strong enough to prevent the execution entirely.|
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Action/LuhmannVsAction Theory: the concept of action is not suitable, because a participant is presupposed. - But they also exist, however, without an audience. - In principle, an action can be presented as a solitary, socially non-resonant cause.
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Action Theory: insisting on rationality - comes from Max Weber - action/Weber: first means and purpose must be distinguished - LuhmannVsWeber: Problem, what should be excluded - is a certain action rather behavior? - Weber: more description of ideal types than of concrete reality.
Solution/today: Rational Choice Theory. outside delimitation: Problem: what counts as consequences - internal delimitation: - Solution: the actor, must ascribe the action to himself . - Problem: what counts as a motive?
LuhmannVsAction Theory: it does not clarify the contours of the concept of action. - It does not answer the question of how systems can be formed from actions, when the action is consolidated psychologically and biologically in the individual.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997