Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Basic Concept: theories differ in what terms they choose as the basic concepts, which are not further defined. A definition of these concepts within the theory would be circular and may cause > paradoxes. E.g. The theory of mind by G. Ryle is based on the concept of disposition, other theories presuppose mental objects. See also paradoxes, theories, terms, definitions, definability, systems, explanations.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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I 10
Basic Concept/Infinite/Schiffer: a theory cannot have an infinite number of basic concepts - E.g. therefore "Kripke refers to Kripke" cannot be a primitive, naked fact.
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I 216
Basic Concept/Schiffer: for a basic concept there must be an axiom and a set of conditions - problem: therefore, "believes" cannot be a basic concept, because there are infinitely many conditional clauses or axioms needed - (> propositional stance) - "thinks" is not a basic concept, yet semantically simple, but does not fulfill certain conditions and denotes nothing.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Schi I
St. Schiffer
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987


> Counter arguments against Schiffer



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-29