|Reasons: In contrast to (physical) causes, reasons are the result of a conscious or unconscious weighing of alternatives._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Def Reason/Black: is something-that-is-the-case a circumstance. This serves as a support of what is to be reasoned.
Support/Reasons/Reason/Black: a) material: 1) E.g. everything rests on the earth which itself does not need any support. - 2) we decide here and now whether something is supporting, E.g. by taking away the walls. - 3) in material bodies, mutual support is possible. - b) immaterial: 1) (analog to earth): there may be reasons that do not need support themselves - 2) when a sample is a fact, it does not matter if it is supported by anything. - 3) mutual support: form of thought three sentences, two of which imply the third in each case. - E.g. a = n is a multiple of 6 - b = n is a multiple of 15 - c = n is a multiple of 10._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Meaning and Intention: An Examination of Grice’s Views", New Literary History 4, (1972-1973), pp. 257-279
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
The Labyrinth of Language, New York/London 1978
Sprache. Eine Einführung in die Linguistik München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983
"The Semantic Definition of Truth", Analysis 8 (1948) pp. 49-63
Truth and Meaning, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994