|Reasons: In contrast to (physical) causes, reasons are the result of a conscious or unconscious weighing of alternatives.|
Books on Amazon
Def Reason/Black: is something-that-is-the-case a circumstance. This serves as a support of what is to be reasoned.
Support/Reasons/Reason/Black: a) material: 1) E.g. everything rests on the earth which itself does not need any support. - 2) we decide here and now whether something is supporting, E.g. by taking away the walls. - 3) in material bodies, mutual support is possible. - b) immaterial: 1) (analog to earth): there may be reasons that do not need support themselves - 2) when a sample is a fact, it does not matter if it is supported by anything. - 3) mutual support: form of thought three sentences, two of which imply the third in each case. - E.g. a = n is a multiple of 6 - b = n is a multiple of 15 - c = n is a multiple of 10.
Bedeutung und Intention
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
Sprache München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983