Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

 
Quantities, physics: measurable properties of objects, processes or states. See also Scales, Proportions, Change, Motion, Processes, Flux, Space, Time, Spacetime, Metrisability.

_____________
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 44
Quantities/physics/Newton: a) absolute quantities: they appear in the axioms (not perceivable) - b) perceivable quantities ("sensible") - these are determined experimentally.
---
I 45
Apparent movement/Copernicus: there is a difference between the true motion of the earth and the true motions of the planets - "true"/Copernicus: = is relative to the sun - relative motions/Newton: (all observable motions) is always identifiable as the difference between true motions - phenomena/Fraassen: we call these relative (relational) structures phenomena. Movements/Fraassen: movements are the structures that the perceived motions show (phenomena) - phenomenon: is always identifiable with movements in a model -> "empirical structures" - absolute acceleration/Newton: absolute acceleration produces strain and compression in the phenomena - Newton: if the center were in another constant absolute motion (not acceleration) the phenomena would not change - "because force is associated with acceleration, not velocity". Empirical adequacy: there is a model so that all phenomena are identifiable with movements in the model (also historical and not perceived ones) - empirically equivalent: are two theories if they have both models that do this.


_____________
Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Fr I
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980


Send Link
> Counter arguments against Fraassen

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  


Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  



> Suggest your own contribution | > Suggest a correction | > Export as BibTeX Datei
 
Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-20