|Grammar: total domain of linguistic theory encompassing syntax, semantics, phonology, morphology. W.V.O. Quine distinguishes the grammar from the lexicon. L. Wittgenstein calls sentences about language grammatical sentences. See also meaning, lexicon, language._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Grammar/Lewis: The meanings of the constituents are determined by the truth conditions of whole sentences.
Grammar/Lewis: like a language, set-theoretical entity that can be discussed in complete abstraction of the human practice - clearly generates a language.
Gavagai: problem: that you can specify several equally good grammars.
Categorical Grammar/Adjukiewicz/Lewis: (1950s): Categories: names, sentences, generic names - context-free phrase structure rules - lexicon alone specified - proper names are distinguished from NP - both may be a subject, but only names may be object - allows undue iteration of modal operators - Vs: transformational grammar: new: simple phrase structure grammar as a basis, eliminates the weaknesses.
Phrase structure grammar/Lewis: Meaning: is then determined through the base structure (phrase structure grammar) - i.e. the transformational component is irrelevant to the semantics._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989
Konventionen Berlin 1975
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991