Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Grammar: total domain of linguistic theory encompassing syntax, semantics, phonology, morphology. W.V.O. Quine distinguishes the grammar from the lexicon. L. Wittgenstein calls sentences about language grammatical sentences. See also meaning, lexicon, language.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
II 220
Grammar/Lewis: The meanings of the constituents are determined by the truth conditions of whole sentences.
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II 218
Grammar/Lewis: like a language, set-theoretical entity that can be discussed in complete abstraction of the human practice - clearly generates a language.
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II 219
Gavagai: problem: that you can specify several equally good grammars.
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IV 191ff
Categorical Grammar/Adjukiewicz/Lewis: (1950s): Categories: names, sentences, generic names - context-free phrase structure rules - lexicon alone specified - proper names are distinguished from NP - both may be a subject, but only names may be object - allows undue iteration of modal operators - Vs: transformational grammar: new: simple phrase structure grammar as a basis, eliminates the weaknesses.
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IV 194
Phrase structure grammar/Lewis: Meaning: is then determined through the base structure (phrase structure grammar) - i.e. the transformational component is irrelevant to the semantics.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

LW I
D. Lewis
Die Identität von Körper und Geist Frankfurt 1989

LW II
D. Lewis
Konventionen Berlin 1975

LW IV
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd I New York Oxford 1983

LW V
D. Lewis
Philosophical Papers Bd II New York Oxford 1986

LwCl I
Cl. I. Lewis
Mind and the World Order: Outline of a Theory of Knowledge (Dover Books on Western Philosophy) 1991


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-12-17