|Grammar: total domain of linguistic theory encompassing syntax, semantics, phonology, morphology. W.V.O. Quine distinguishes the grammar from the lexicon. L. Wittgenstein calls sentences about language grammatical sentences. See also meaning, lexicon, language._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Grammar/Black: 1) Classification of words according to function - 2) How words are modified by prefixes and suffixes - 3) Presentation of the syntax.
Grammar is explored by trying to obtain information about well-formedness from the speaker.
BlackVsSpeculative Grammar: presumes a structure of reality and a non-linguistic approach - as impossible as comparison of maps without any distortion.
Map: crucial: correct information, not similarity - analog: symbolic representations of language.
Objectivity/Grammar/Black: grammar is objective if some features are essential for the description -> grammatical invariants - Black: but that's not fertile.
There are no grammatical invariants._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Bedeutung und Intention
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
Sprache München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983