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|Fraassen I 212
Proof of God/HumeVsThomas Aquinas: the universe instead of God - if God's will would be crucial how should we understand this will? - ((S) God's will would always be identical with the factual.)
Cosmological proof of God: there must be a cause for every thing and thus an explanation of its existence. - This is something necessary existent. - HumeVs: the existence of God would be a fact - facts are never necessary. - Hume: the necessary existing could be the universe instead of God.
Teleological proof of God/Hume: the teological proof of god is the only one he takes seriously, because it does not require a priori assumptions. - Here: variant: the amazing reconciliation cannot be a coincidence - an intelligent creator is necessary.
HumeVs: 1. It lacks the repetition which is necessary for connection.
2. The analogy to humans is questionable.
3. If yes, then they would make a) the unity of God -) b the immateriality and endlessness questionable.
4. order is not evidence of conscious planning - E.g. animals have no less order than a clock , but are not begotten by a watchmaker, but by parents.
Principle: The production of plants and animals is always herbal or animal - in human inventions, there is an understanding of the causes - but not in divine inventions.
6. (Anticipating the theory of evolution ): Matter is in constant motion and eventually reaches a certain stability.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980