Theoretical Laws/Cartwright: determine the contribution of individual causes.
Physical Laws/Cartwright: do not determine facts - because they are tailored for individual areas.
Physical Laws/(s)/Laws of Nature/LoN/Cartwright: never exclusively valid - E.g. Snell's law of refraction of light at the interface between two dielectric materials: different with isotropic/anisotropic optical properties - in the textbook at first only 1st version - this then not literal -> principle of charity - Important argument: most cases fall under the 2nd version - therefore, "ceteris paribus" here particularly bad.
Law/Science/Physics/LoN/Explanation/Cartwright: there are never enough laws, because we have no theory about what happens at the boundary regions of E.g. optics, genetics, hydrodynamics, laser theory, etc. - there are no laws for cases where theories overlap.
Biology/Laws/Cartwright: its laws actually state - unlike those of physics - how objects of the theory behave: - E.g. swordfish hides during the day - Smart: Thesis: Biology has no own laws.
Law/Truth/Cartwright: if there was a law that covers one case exactly, it would hardly apply to any other case.
Law/Physics/Cartwright: the laws of physics lie, because we destroy our image by adapting mathematical structures._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
How the laws of physics lie Oxford New York 1983
Ontology and the theory of meaning Chicago 1954