Dictionary of Arguments

Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
I 117
Sign/Laws of Nature/LoN: there is no sign for the law of gravity! Phenomena are only clues!
Sign/Ex Black Clouds: there must be a true inductive generalization, probability.
Referent: like the sign always a particulate fact. There is no sign for the general! (i.e. neither is there for the validity of the laws of nature!
III 26f
Local Laws (below cosmic range): force all theories to distinguish exactly between laws (LoN) and law statements: II 28 there may then be local laws that can never be determined as a full law statement
III 112
Uninstantiated Laws/UIL/Armstrong: I'll allow them, but as second-class cases of laws - but no uninstantiated universals
III 121
Uninstantiated Laws/Armstrong: disguised counterfactual conditionals, truth depends entirely on the actual (higher-level laws) - probability does not require the law of the excluded third, the non-true is not a fact - (VsWessel "unfact") - probability laws are only instantiated if probability is realized
III 140
Laws with universal scope: "Everything is F" - is that at all possible? - How can a U to make itself necessary?
III 141
Law/Form/Armstrong: every law must have a dyadic structure, because otherwise it could not be used for inferences - universal law: Rel between "being something in the universe" and "being F" - Universe/Armstrong: really big garden! - (>Smith's garden is idiosyncratic) - Law in Smith's Garden: relation between quasi-Universal's: "fruit in Smith's Garden" and genuine universal: "being an apple".
III 147f
Def Iron Laws (Armstrong: tell us that under certain conditions a state is necessary (or has a certain probability) - no matter what further conditions prevail - they apply, apply no matter what happens (but within certain conditions must be given for the ED).
III 148
Def Oaken Laws: under certain conditions invalid - but only real universals can be involved


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Armstrong I
David M. Armstrong
Meaning and Communication, The Philosophical Review 80, 1971, pp. 427-447
In
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Georg Meggle, Frankfurt/M. 1979

Armstrong II (a)
David M. Armstrong
Dispositions as Categorical States
In
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

Armstrong II (b)
David M. Armstrong
Place’ s and Armstrong’ s Views Compared and Contrasted
In
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

Armstrong II (c)
David M. Armstrong
Reply to Martin
In
Dispositions, Tim Crane, London New York 1996

Armstrong II (d)
David M. Armstrong
Second Reply to Martin London New York 1996

Armstrong III
D. Armstrong
What is a Law of Nature? Cambridge 1983


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-12-19
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