Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Author Item Summary Meta data
Wittgenstein, Strawson: there is nothing but the human body, VsDescartes
I 28
Non-spatiality is not a clear criterion for a mental state, because the concept of the state is so unclear, neither spatial nor non-spatial. I 77f
Ryle: opinions, wishes and feelings (traits of reason and character) can be thought of as something that requires the human itself as a substrate, and not a non-material medium. This is more difficult with sensations, mental images and thoughts. (> Animal). I 76ff
State: this above argument makes it so easy to consider sensations, etc. not as states of things, but rather as things themselves. (RortyVs).
This allows some contemporary philosophers to afford mental things without a soul. I 80
Def neutral monism: considers the mental and the material as two "aspects" of an underlying reality. - reality accessible with intuition (Bergson) - Reality also to be identified with the material and the perception (Russell, Ayer) - The only way to escape skepticism. (Dewey, James)
I 106f
RortyVs: you cannot find a "neutral material" which is neither mental nor physical, and has its own powers and dispositions. Therefore, you simply postulate it. But that does not help.
Frank I 581
Mental/Rorty: a) Events: sensations, thoughts, etc. - b) states that are no events: opinions, moods, intentions, etc.
Rorty I 60
Idea/mind/Antiquity/Rorty: antiquity had no concept of the mental and no concept of a mind separated from the body - no concept of idea - no concept of consciousness - idea: new with Locke - only makes epistemology possible.
I 117
Mind/mental/RortyVsRyle: Ryle believed to have avoided the image of the mirror, but he failed in the attempt to prove that there are no uncorrectable reports.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Ro I
R. Rorty
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997

R. Rorty
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000

R. Rorty
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992

R. Rorty
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993

Ro V
R. Rorty
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998

R. Rorty
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000

Fra I
M. Frank (Hrsg.)
Analytische Theorien des Selbstbewusstseins Frankfurt 1994

R. Rorty
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-19