|Brains in a vat, philosophy: thought experiment of Hilary Putnam (in Reason, truth and history, New York, Cambridge University Press, 1981) in which brains are floating in a nutrient solution while the reality is simulated through electrical impulses. It is about the question whether we can be sure not to be in such a situation. See also skepticism, reference, knowledge, causal theory of knowledge.|
Books on Amazon:
Brain / Davidson / Rorty: can not lose contact with the outside world. It is irrelevant whether it is a brain in a vat! This is also true for the mind: it must always be connected to something. That can not be negated by a mentalist redescription.
Brains in a Vat/BIV / Davidson: are right in most cases - they are not in a position to wonder if they sit by the fireplace - because they are not causally related to fireplaces.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000