|Given, philosophy: something in the outside world, which should correspond to what we perceive through the senses. It is problematic how to distinguish the constitution of external objects from what is determined by the construction of our sense organs. The presupposition of a given, also assumes that both this and the side of the perceiving subject are fixed in a certain way. This is doubted by many authors.See also reality, myth of the given, perception, world, world/thinking, thing in itself, perspective, nature, naturalism, epistemology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Given/experience/Hume: therefore has two opposite meanings:
1. As a concept, as it is given in the mind (no exceeding)
2. Exceeding is also given, but as a practice, as affection of the mind, as an impression of self-awareness - exceeding is not given in the idea.
I 101 ff
Given/Hume: flow, movement - the subject is constituted in the given.
The totality of what appears, a being which is equally to the pretence.
The given is not part of the room - but the room is part of the given.
Given/Hume: never unites its parts to a whole - Being: can only be comprehend as an object of a synthetic relationship with the principles of what we do._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997