|Emotion, philosophy of mind: is usually defined by examples such as joy, fear, anger in order to distinguish it from other internal states. It is controversial whether emotions are triggered solely by external circumstances. See also sensations, perception, mental states, mind states, consciousness, stimuli, introspection, other minds._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Emotions/Pinker: Thesis: feelings are adjustments, software modules - with their help copies of the genes should be reproduced, which they have caused.
Feelings/explanation/Trivers: strategies in retaliation game: affection: aimed at those who are apparently ready for a return favor - Anger: protects from being betrayed - Gratitude: calculates costs and benefits of the first act - pity: should bring us gratitude - shame: should maintain a relationship.
Simultaneous evolution of incentive, faking feelings - it follows the evolution of discernment - Emotions do not help anyone, but they have helped his ancestors - (s) so separation of situation and feeling.
Emotions/PinkerVsTradition: feelings are no relic of an animal past, no fountain of creativity, not an enemy of the intellect. The intellect transmits control to the emotions, as soon as the situation is such that they can act as a guarantor for its offers, function as promises and threats.
Cognitive Dissonance/Pinker: one decreases them by inventing a new opinion to resolve an inner contradiction. - E.g. so a boring job becomes retroactively interesting - feeling of uncertainty stemming from conflicting beliefs.
PinkerVs: that is not true, there is no contradiction between "The work is boring" and "I was forced to lie" - Aronson: it is about the contradiction with the statement: "I am nice and have everything under control"._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998