|Use theory, philosophy of language: the term was formed following a thesis of L. Wittgenstein in his Philosophical Investigations, § 43. (Original in German) You can explain the use of the word "meaning" for a large class of cases - though not in all cases of its use - as the meaning of a word is its use in the language." - This thesis applies to words and cannot be extended to whole sentences. See also use, word meaning, sentence meaning, language acquisition, meaning theory, reference._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Thinking/Talking/Meaning/Use theory/Schiffer: language use in thinking is one thing, language use in speaking another - therefore, we need different theories.
Use theory/Reference/Meaning/Compositionality/Schiffer: new trend: (Putnam 1978): thesis we can have use theories of language comprehension (not the meaning) which do not require, truth-theoretic semantics - the theories of understanding and reference do not have so much to do with truth than most people think - solution: if we start from the conceptual role (use) nothing is required by a "correspondence" of words and things.
Use/Use theory/Schiffer: no problem for simple signal: Meaning = use - problem: composite utterance type: s could mean p, even if never uttered - solution/Schiffer: that is the reason why the practice should belong to language and not to the individual sentence - problem: we need an approach that requires no knowledge of the meaning in the community - otherwise everyone would have to understand every sentence._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987