Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Question: a sentence within a communication context that requires one or more further sentences (see also answers). The question in many languages is characterized by a slightly altered word position, as opposed to the corresponding sentence, as well as an attached or pre-set symbol (question symbol). A response is not guaranteed and does not have to be done so that a question retains its form and content. See also statements, commands, sentences, speech act theory.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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I 72ff
Questions/Prior: difference: a) questions, b) the questioning c) interrogative sentence, d) the things which they are about - never asked questions quite reasonable - Problem: "For some p, no one has ever asked if p" is not the same as - "There are questions that were never asked" -Because there are other kinds of questions than that of the "if" variety - it is arbitrary, to single one out - a) "if p", b) " what is p ", etc. possible solution: then variable for questions:" for some p: it was never asked p "(here no longer" what "or" "if") - the argument is not a name but an interrogative sentence - problem: "There are questions that were never asked" cannot be represented formally as "For some p, no one has asked if p" - because that only covers the specific question type "if", and not for example: "which are?" or "Who has stolen my pencil?".
Interrogabilia/Medieval/Prior":" the questioned"," the questionable "(platonic) - PriorVs: do not need to be considered as "part of the sentence" as if there were names - PriorVs: ask no relation between questioning and Interrogabilia -
Question/command/Prior: No special features, which account for a content, nothing "behind" the indicative sentences.
I 73ff
Questions/David Harrah: thesis a question is simply an indicative statement which is the disjunction or the set of possible answers - Harrah thesis: any issue is identified by an implicit statement that it presupposes. E.g. the question whether I come or go presupposes that I either do one or the other. That would be the statement "You are coming or going." - The answer is then a statement that contains the statement which is the question, but is not included in it - E.g. that I sit is less specific and includes the fact that I sit on a chair - (presupposition: that I sit at all).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Pri I
A. Prior
Objects of thought Oxford 1971

Pri II
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-12-12