|Fatalism: the assumption that the result of actions is fixed from the outset. This raises questions regarding the futility of considerations and the futility of decisions that would ultimately be illusory. See also determinism, indeterminism, actions, justification, ultimate justification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Fatalism/Dummett: no influence on the future - action allegedly pointless, since it will happen either way - E.g. bullet with your name: death despite precautions, bullet without a name: not death, even if measures.
Solution: it depends on the meaning of "if": permitted: from "you will not be killed" to "if no action, then you will not be killed" - not allowed: from "if no action ..." to "your actions will not work to ensure …". - Difference "if"/"even if"- Error/(s): inferring from analytical truth to synthetic consequences -> III 170
Fatalism/Dummett: the conclusion from
1) "you will not be killed" to
2) "If you take no action, you will not be killed" is allowed - but in every sense of "if" in which this conclusion is valid, it is not permitted to go from
1) "If you don't take any action, you will not be killed" to
2) "Your actions will not work to prevent your death".
That would only be admissible if the truth of
1) "If you don t any action you will not be killed" with the truth of
2) "If you don t take any action, you will be killed" would be incompatible.
Solution: in the meaning of "if" in which the first step was justified they would not be incompatible. - That is the failure of the fatalism._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982