Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Falsification: experimental or logical refutation of a general or a specific statement. Depending on the nature of the statement, there are differences in terms of whether a single counterexample is sufficient for a falsification, or a certain ratio of positive and negative cases is crucial. See also verification, verificationism, confirmation, Bayesianism, probability, hypotheses, theories.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 122
Falsification/Popper: can always be overridden ad hoc.
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I 123
Empirical scientific method: consists precisely in the exclusion of such procedures - "Humean contradiction": only experience is allowed, but not conclusive - solution/Popper: not all sentences are "fully decidable - there must be particular empirical sentences as a major premise of falsifying conclusions.
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I 127
These cannot be protocol sentences, because these are only psychological.
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Stegmüller I 400 ~
Falsification/Popper: falsification itself must be repeatable - we can reformulate universal statements into "There are-not-"-sentences to falsify them - e.g. "there are no non-white swans".


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Po I
K. Popper
Objektive Erkenntnis Hamburg 1993

Ca V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
In
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

St II
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

St III
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

St IV
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989


> Counter arguments against Popper

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-26