|Falsification: experimental or logical refutation of a general or a specific statement. Depending on the nature of the statement, there are differences in terms of whether a single counterexample is sufficient for a falsification, or a certain ratio of positive and negative cases is crucial. See also verification, verificationism, confirmation, Bayesianism, probability, hypotheses, theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 119
Assertion/Correctness/Dummett: no assertion can be both correct and incorrect, because it cannot be verified and falsified at the same time - but we come dangerously close if the falsification condition does not determine the meaning of the sentence when it is used independently.
EMD II 120
"Is not incorrect": = unfalsifiable.
EMD II 122
Not every assertion must be correct or incorrect - it could turn out later.
Realism: perhaps it never turns out.
Dummett: if we understand this assertion, it is because of truth conditions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989