Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Existence, philosophy, logic: the fact that there is something to which properties can be attributed. That does not mean that something has to be given immediately or can be perceived by the senses. See also ontology, properties, predicates, existence statements, realism, quantification, ascription.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 158
Existence/Wessel: existence predicate - "E" - then with an empty object: neither s <--P nor s ---
I 332 ~
Existence/Wessel: predicate - because of empirical existence - therefore not possible to question:"what is existence?", no examples assignable - (s) because everything is an example - truth: can be defined only by logical means, existence not.
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I 333
Existence/Wessel: if X is a statement, a predicate term or a relational term, then the question of whether X exists, is meaningless - the possible answers E(X) or ~ E(X) are no statements - solution: a) form a subject term "tX": "the statement X" - or b): "sX": "the fact that X".
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I 357f
Object/existence/Wessel: different meanings for singular term, general term, class or individual.
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I 358
Individuals/object/Wessel: the term "a is an individual" is synonymous with the term "a is an individual term" (!?)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

We I
H. Wessel
Logik Berlin 1999


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-19