Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Existence, philosophy, logic: the fact that there is something to which properties can be attributed. That does not mean that something has to be given immediately or can be perceived by the senses. See also ontology, properties, predicates, existence statements, realism, quantification, ascription.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
V 165f
Existence/ontology/criterion/AlstonVsQuine: his translations (e.g. a) "length-in-miles-from" or b) "(Ex)(E is a ...)" - 1. Alston: E-assumptions depend on statements, not on sentences - QuineVsVs: the translation shows that the prerequisite is made only seemingly 2. AlstonVsQuine: the translation would allow to say everything possible, when you only reform it accordingly.
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V 168
Searle (like Alston): no criterion of mere notation - (s) general direction: Searle: facts, not language is decisive - SearleVsQuine: E.g. then you can claim all the knowledge (W) and yet only presuppose this spring here: one defines a predicate P(x) = this spring and W - then one takes (W) as an axiom and this spring = this spring as an axiom, then "this spring = this spring and axiom (W) "then "P (this spring)" then "(Ex)(Px)" - problem: the knowledge can be represented in paraphrases, which then would have to have the same ontological prerequisite as the original - (s) QuineVsVs: the conditions are only made seemingly - AlstonVsQuine: ~ what someone says is important not how he puts it.
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V 172
Ontological/epistemic/Searle: E.g. "are there terrible snow men?" is an epistemic, not an ontological question.
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V 173
Existence/ontology/Searle: there are no classes of irreducible existence conditions.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

S I
J. R. Searle
Die Wiederentdeckung des Geistes Frankfurt 1996

S II
J.R. Searle
Intentionalität Frankfurt 1991

S III
J. R. Searle
Die Konstruktion der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit Hamburg 1997

S IV
J.R. Searle
Ausdruck und Bedeutung Frankfurt 1982

S V
J. R. Searle
Sprechakte Frankfurt 1983


> Counter arguments against Searle
> Counter arguments in relation to Existence



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-23