Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Existence, philosophy, logic: the fact that there is something to which properties can be attributed. That does not mean that something has to be given immediately or can be perceived by the senses. See also ontology, properties, predicates, existence statements, realism, quantification, ascription.
 
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Books on Amazon:
Bertrand Russell
Russell III 127
Existence/Russell: the term existence can only be applied usefully to propositional functions.
Defintion existence/Russell: There is an argument for a certain propositional function, for which it is true - according to Russell, there are only atomic facts and absolutely simple individuals (logical atomism).
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Russell VI 76
Predicate/propositional function/Russell: some predicates, for example, Existence can only be attributed to statement functions (or classes), but not to statements: E.g. "People are numerous, therefore Socrates is numerous". - Therefore, you also know that there are people in Timbuktu, without knowing them: the existence theorem is about a class, not individuals.
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Tugendhat I 377
Existence/Russell/Tugendhat: Russell interprets the singular predicative statement as an existential proposition and this as a general (general) statement. - That was already anticipated by Kant and Frege. - Then E.g. "The present King of France is bald", etc. is always wrong -> generality.
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Tugendhat II 43
Existence/Russell: one can only talk about existent things - but past and future are also existent.

R I
B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986

R II
B. Russell
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989

R IV
B. Russell
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967

R VI
B. Russell
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
In
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993

R VII
B. Russell
Wahrheit und Falschheit
In
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

Tu I
E. Tugendhat
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976

Tu II
E. Tugendhat
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992


> Counter arguments against Russell
> Counter arguments in relation to Existence



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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-24