|Experiment: artificial bringing about of an event or artificial creation of a state for testing a hypothesis. Experiments can lead to the reformulation of the initial hypotheses and the reformulation of theories. See also theories, measuring, science, hypotheses, Bayesianism, confirmation, events, paradigm change, reference systems._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Experiment/HackingVsLakatos/HackingVsFeyerabend: an e.g. is neither a statement nor a report but an action, which is not about mere words.
E.g. Herschel’s theory of thermal radiation was (falsely) aligned with Newton, but that did not affect his observation. - He noted that infrared had to be included in the white light - a previously existing theory would have prevented him from finding out. - HackingVsTheory Ladenness of observation.
Observing is a skill. (HackingVsHanson).
Experiment/Hacking: is never repeated, always improved - an experiment usually does not work, therefore observation is not so important.
Crucial experiment/Experimentum crucis/Hacking: E.g. Michelson-Morley._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996