|Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Ethics/Nagel. Consequentialism: thesis: the consequences of action are important - not how the action feels for the actor - NagelVs: it about the permission to lead one’s own life - III 111 internal perspective: Problem: that murder is prohibited does not command to prevent others from committing it - utilitarianism: good/bad - internal perspective: legal/illegal.
Ethics/Nagel: core question: how far may the internal point of view be included? - Life is always the individual life - it cannot be lived sub specie aeternitatis - the limits are always the individual possibilities.
III ~ 87
Ethics/Nagel: the acting from one’s own perspective has such a strong value that deontological paradoxes cannot be excluded - they would only be avoidable at the cost of the impersonal world.
Parallel objectivity/consciousness/ethics/Nagel: the objective world must contain the subjective perspectives - ethics: the neutral reasons that consider the actions of the subject with all its seemingly superstitious reasons.
Determinism/ethics/Nagel: responsibility also exists in deterministic actions when the determination is intrinsic - actions determined by nothing are incomprehensible.
Ethics/law/moral/God/theology/Nagel: an act is not converted into something wrong just because God exists.
categorical imperative/NagelVsKant: nothing but a direct interest in the other can be considered as a basis of ethics - II 55 but: the reason not to do evil to someone else cannot be anchored in the individual person - II 61 Problem: Moral should not depend on the strength of interest in others._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982