Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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III 109f
Ethics/Nagel. Consequentialism: thesis: the consequences of action are important - not how the action feels for the actor - NagelVs: it about the permission to lead one’s own life - III 111 internal perspective: Problem: that murder is prohibited does not command to prevent others from committing it - utilitarianism: good/bad - internal perspective: legal/illegal.
III 112
Ethics/Nagel: core question: how far may the internal point of view be included? - Life is always the individual life - it cannot be lived sub specie aeternitatis - the limits are always the individual possibilities.
III ~ 87
Ethics/Nagel: the acting from one’s own perspective has such a strong value that deontological paradoxes cannot be excluded - they would only be avoidable at the cost of the impersonal world.
III 86
Parallel objectivity/consciousness/ethics/Nagel: the objective world must contain the subjective perspectives - ethics: the neutral reasons that consider the actions of the subject with all its seemingly superstitious reasons.
II 49
Determinism/ethics/Nagel: responsibility also exists in deterministic actions when the determination is intrinsic - actions determined by nothing are incomprehensible.
II 54
Ethics/law/moral/God/theology/Nagel: an act is not converted into something wrong just because God exists.
II 54
categorical imperative/NagelVsKant: nothing but a direct interest in the other can be considered as a basis of ethics - II 55 but: the reason not to do evil to someone else cannot be anchored in the individual person - II 61 Problem: Moral should not depend on the strength of interest in others.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Th. Nagel
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

Th. Nagel
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

Th. Nagel
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979

NagelEr I
Ernest Nagel
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-03-18