Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
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Stegmüller IV 167
Ethics/Hume: thesis: no feature can be seen in the actions themselves , which would make it possible to distinguish whether they are justified or not. - ((S)> Harman) - Stegmüller: but one can even find prescriptive passages in Hume.
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Stegm IV 243
Ethics/morality/Hume: Thesis:
1. Facing scarce resources, people must cooperate in order to survive -
2. HumeVsHobbes: all humans own sympathy - would everything be available in abundance, of course, respect to other people's property would be superfluous.
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IV 245
The key driving force is self-interest.
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Stegm IV 247
Ethics/morality/Hume: E.g. the two rowers: 1. pure coordination problem: - 2. no one wants to make an effort - stabilization of cooperation: 1. only artificial virtue is assumed - 2. No verbal communication - 3. only rational egoism - E.g. Help at the harvest: the first helps the other - then time lag: the second does not help the other -> free riders problem -> sanctions.
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Stegm IV 283
Reason/morals/ethics/Hume/Stegmüller: reason can never be the motive for or against an action- passions and preferences are logically independent of conclusions - yet, there are practical-rational preferences - Mackie: also dispassion does not allow a clear view on things
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Stuhlmann I 64
Ethics/Hume: at its reason moral statements are always required.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Ca V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
In
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

St II
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

St III
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

St IV
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989

SL I
R. Stuhlmann Laeisz
Philosophische Logik Paderborn 2002


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-24