Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Essentialism: the view that objects have some of their properties necessarily. See also essence, necessity de re, necessity, contingency, properties, actualism, possible worlds.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Simons I 272
Mereological Essentialism/Chisholm/Simons: results from his commitment to mereological constancy - SimonsVsChisholm - Chisholm: E.g. table stump + plate - a particular table can only be built from this stump and this plate.
I 273
Superposition/Simons: s. of the parts guarantees not the existence of the table (or the identity of the table with the sum - which also leads to interrupted existence - This int. exist. sees Chisholm as a problem - but he is only committed to the adoption of essential parts - e.g. not to glue instead of nails, etc. - Simons thesis: there must be an essential part.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

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> Counter arguments against Chisholm
> Counter arguments in relation to Essentialism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-20