Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Essentialism: the view that objects have some of their properties necessarily. See also essence, necessity de re, necessity, contingency, properties, actualism, possible worlds.
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

Books on Amazon
Simons I 272
Mereological Essentialism/Chisholm/Simons: results from his commitment to mereological constancy - SimonsVsChisholm - Chisholm: E.g. table stump + plate - a particular table can only be built from this stump and this plate.
I 273
Superposition/Simons: s. of the parts guarantees not the existence of the table (or the identity of the table with the sum - which also leads to interrupted existence - This int. exist. sees Chisholm as a problem - but he is only committed to the adoption of essential parts - e.g. not to glue instead of nails, etc. - Simons thesis: there must be an essential part.

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

> Counter arguments against Chisholm
> Counter arguments in relation to Essentialism

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-25