|Essentialism: the view that objects have some of their properties necessarily. See also essence, necessity de re, necessity, contingency, properties, actualism, possible worlds.|
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|Simons I 272
Mereological Essentialism/Chisholm/Simons: results from his commitment to mereological constancy - SimonsVsChisholm - Chisholm: E.g. table stump + plate - a particular table can only be built from this stump and this plate.
Superposition/Simons: s. of the parts guarantees not the existence of the table (or the identity of the table with the sum - which also leads to interrupted existence - This int. exist. sees Chisholm as a problem - but he is only committed to the adoption of essential parts - e.g. not to glue instead of nails, etc. - Simons thesis: there must be an essential part.
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004
Parts Oxford New York 1987