Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Appearance, Philosophy: Apart from logical insights we receive all our insights through our senses. Therefore, it is believed that this knowledge is not only fundamentally fallible, but is more or less pre-structured by the nature of the sense organs. This structure is not necessarily so in the world outside the perceiving subjects. Because of the linguistic prestructuring of our approach to ourselves the inner life of the subjects is also not unfailingly recognizable. See also appearance, truth, certainty, knowledge, epistemology, introspection, incorrigibility.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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McDowell I 167
Appearances/Davidson: exert a rational influence on our view of the world, as one may say.
       But not: that the sensations, the impact of the world on our senses, impose rational demands on our empirical thinking.
       At most in a very complex way: they lead to the formation of opinions, but they do not specify what the subject should think!
  (Terminology: Davidson himself does not speak of appearances.)


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

D I
D. Davidson
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993

D III
D. Davidson
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990

D IV
D. Davidson
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990

MD I
J. McDowell
Geist und Welt Frankfurt 2001


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-22