|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Carnap: the movement of anything and everybody can be predicted based on the movement of elementary particles. Rorty: that way we should be on top of all that living things, but we would not have explained it! > Explain.
Elementary particles are well applicable in any section of the universe, but the talk of politicians or emerald flowers only in particular contexts.
Knowledge/Rorty: there is no reason to object to statements about the acquisition of knowledge that refer to internal representations. But explanation and justification must be distinguished: one can put forward such explanations without reviving the traditional mind-body problem.
Justification: E.g. through sensual data. --- Explanation: causal.
Explanation: How can you say when a complete causal explanation of X must contain statements about X.
Understanding/Explanation/RortyVsMcDowell: we should not talk about comprehensibility! Comprehensibility is very cheap to have: if we train two people to speak the same way!.
Explanation/f.o.th./Rorty: something that changes, while everything else remains the same cannot be an explanation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000