|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Explanation/Maturana: one explains experience with experience.
Definition statement: generative mechanism that corresponds to the regularities of experience. This mechanism and the explanatory experience do not occur in the same phenomenal area - the explanation does not replace the experience - the explanation extends the area in which the observer lives.
Language/explanation/Maturana: closed area- not to leave by linguistic means - it follows: the logic of description is the logic of the descriptive (living) system - only a complete reproduction is a full explanation.
Explanation/Maturana: 1. delimitation of the to be explained system or phenomenon - 2. delimitation of components and relations - declaration = Reproduction - mechanistical: weight and sum of the weights of the parts - vitalistical: teleonomic: refers to the properties of the parts.
Explanation/Maturana: always the answer to the question of the emergence of a phenomenon - Criteria: set by the listener - it creates an explanation area.
Initially our lives proceed regardless of our explanations - but its course is then entirely dependent on them.
Explanation/Maturana: constitutive characteristics are not in need of explanation.
Explanation area/Maturana: depends on preferences for basic assumptions - is not constituted by measuring, quantification or predictions, but by validation criteria - divided scientists belong to different communities - they do not share the criterion of validation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000