|Explanation: making a statement in relation to an event, a state, a change or an action that was described before by a deviating statement. The statement will often try to involve circumstances, history, logical premises, causes and causality. See also description, statements, theories, understanding, literal truth, best explanation, causality, cause, completeness._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Explanation: A basic term is not defined, but explicated by means of its different varieties.
reduction sentences / Carnap: If we want to construct a language of science, we must take some descriptive (ie not logical) expressions as basic expressions. Other expressions can then be introduced by means of reduction sentences.
GoodmanVsCarnap / reduction sentences: pretty absurd, the whole thing, in my opinion, philosophy has the task of explicating the science (and the everyday language), not to describe it. The explication (> Quine) must refer to the pre-systematic use of the terms under consideration, but does not have to adhere to the ordering. It is all about economy and unification._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989