Dictionary of Arguments

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Memories: mental repetition of representations without the original stimulus. See also stimuli, knowledge, learning.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
I 20
Memory: have no traces of earlier sensations, but are conceptually.
V 176
Memory/Quine: disposition, to pronounce a name in the presence of the relevant - the observation sentence has nothing to do with the past - to forget a name is to forget a piece of language.
V 177
Past/Observation/Quine: there are also reports of previous observations where the term was learned by definition rather than by conditioning. Since you can replace a defined term with its definiendum, this amounts to a composite observation term. Example "I have seen a black rabbit":
Learning situation: one for black, one for rabbits, as well as for attributive composition.
Imagination/Memory/Quine: in the language of imaginary images, we can say that they are created even if the corresponding object is not present.
But now we have to go further and assume even more abilities: the child has to distinguish between two types of images:
a) Fantasies and
b) Memories.
V 178
QuineVsHume: has made little convincing reference to liveliness as a distinguishing feature.
Def Memory/Hume: is a weakened sensation
Def Fantasy/Hume: is a weakened memory.
Def Imagination/QuineVsHume: is an event in the nervous system that leads to a state of readiness for a corresponding irritation. This indicative nerve process is perceived by the subject, i.e. it must be able to react specifically to it, in two different ways:
a) Summary of elements that have been learned so far e.g. "black" and "rabbit".
b) Reinforced by acquaintance: i.e. real earlier encounter with a black rabbit. Basis for the affirmative.
V 179
Observation sentence/complete thought/reference/Quine: refers to the object and the calendar clock and, if applicable, to a location. Complex observation term.
Protocol sentence: timeless record (of eternal duration) if location and times are complete.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Quine I
W.V.O. Quine
Word and Object, Cambridge/MA 1960
German Edition:
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Quine II
W.V.O. Quine
Theories and Things, Cambridge/MA 1986
German Edition:
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Quine III
W.V.O. Quine
Methods of Logic, 4th edition Cambridge/MA 1982
German Edition:
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Quine V
W.V.O. Quine
The Roots of Reference, La Salle/Illinois 1974
German Edition:
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Quine VI
W.V.O. Quine
Pursuit of Truth, Cambridge/MA 1992
German Edition:
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Quine VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Quine VII (a)
W. V. A. Quine
On what there is
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (b)
W. V. A. Quine
Two dogmas of empiricism
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (c)
W. V. A. Quine
The problem of meaning in linguistics
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (d)
W. V. A. Quine
Identity, ostension and hypostasis
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (e)
W. V. A. Quine
New foundations for mathematical logic
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (f)
W. V. A. Quine
Logic and the reification of universals
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (g)
W. V. A. Quine
Notes on the theory of reference
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (h)
W. V. A. Quine
Reference and modality
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VII (i)
W. V. A. Quine
Meaning and existential inference
In
From a Logical Point of View, , Cambridge, MA 1953

Quine VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Designation and Existence, in: The Journal of Philosophy 36 (1939)
German Edition:
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Quine IX
W.V.O. Quine
Set Theory and its Logic, Cambridge/MA 1963
German Edition:
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Quine X
W.V.O. Quine
The Philosophy of Logic, Cambridge/MA 1970, 1986
German Edition:
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Quine XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontological Relativity and Other Essays, New York 1969
German Edition:
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003

Quine XIII
Willard Van Orman Quine
Quiddities Cambridge/London 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-05-23
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